Thank you to all of the generous researchers who have contributed data to Wordbank!

  1. Researchers publishing or presenting work using data in the Wordbank database must cite the publications linked to that dataset, as shown below in the contributors list. (If there is no linked citation, then no citation for the individual dataset is necessary).
  2. For tracking use of the database and its affiliated tools, please also cite: Frank, M. C., Braginsky, M., Yurovsky, D., & Marchman, V. A. (2016). Wordbank: An open repository for developmental vocabulary data. Journal of Child Language. doi: 10.1017/. [pdf]
  3. If researchers use more than five datasets, we ask users as a courtesy to cite all data. But in case of severe space limitations, the database as a whole may be cited.
  4. In addition, since the site contains many unpublished English datasets, users of the full English dataset need only cite the Wordbank database. Users of the normative English data (accessed by selecting "normative data only") should cite Fenson et al. (2007) as below.
  5. Since the Wordbank site is dynamic, we recommend that you list the date of download for your data in your manuscript. For example: "In these analyses, item-level responses were extracted from all available forms in English from Wordbank (Frank et al., 2016). Data were downloaded on 3/20/17."

To contribute your data, please email wordbank-contact@stanford.edu.


American Sign Language
  • Virginia Marchman, Stanford University   FormA 6

    Anderson, D., & Reilly, J. (2002). The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory: Normative data for American Sign Language. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 7(2), 83–106.

  • Virginia Marchman, Stanford University   FormBOne 19

    Anderson, D., & Reilly, J. (2002). The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory: Normative data for American Sign Language. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 7(2), 83–106.

  • Virginia Marchman, Stanford University   FormC 18

    Anderson, D., & Reilly, J. (2002). The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory: Normative data for American Sign Language. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 7(2), 83–106.

  • Virginia Marchman, Stanford University   FormBTwo 20

    Anderson, D., & Reilly, J. (2002). The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory: Normative data for American Sign Language. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 7(2), 83–106.

Australian English
  • Marina Kalashnikova, MARCS Institute for Brain, Behaviour and Development   WS 1520

    Kalashnikova, M., Schwarz, I.-C., & Burnham, D. (2016). OZI: Australian English Communicative Development. First Language, 36, 407-427.

British Sign Language
  • Bencie Woll, University College London   WG 161

    Woolfe, T., Herman, R., Roy, P., & Woll, B. (2010). Early vocabulary development in deaf native signers: a British Sign Language adaptation of the communicative development inventories. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(3), 322-331.

Cantonese
  • Twila Tardif, University of Michigan   WS 987

    Tardif, T., Fletcher, P., Liang, W., & Kaciroti, N. (2009). Early vocabulary development in Mandarin (Putonghua) and Cantonese. Journal of child language, 36(05), 1115-1144.

Croatian
  • Melita Kovacevic, University of Zagreb   WG 250

    Kovacevic, M., Babic, Z., & Brozovic, B. (1996). A Croatian language parent report study: Lexical and grammatical development. Paper presented at the VIIth International Congress for the Study of Child Language, July 1996, Istanbul, Turkey.

  • Melita Kovacevic, University of Zagreb   WS 377

    Kovacevic, M., Babic, Z., & Brozovic, B. (1996). A Croatian language parent report study: Lexical and grammatical development. Paper presented at the VIIth International Congress for the Study of Child Language, July 1996, Istanbul, Turkey.

Cypriot Greek
  • Kleanthes K. Grohmann, University of Cyprus   WS 176

    Taxitari, Loukia, Maria Kambanaros & Kleanthes K. Grohmann. 2015. ‘A Cypriot Greek Adaptation of the CDI: Early Production of Translation Equivalents in a Bi(dia)lectal Context’. Journal of Greek Linguistics 15, 1–24.

Czech
  • Filip Smolik, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic   WS 493

    Markova, G., Smolík, F. (2014). What Do You Think? The Relationship between Person Reference and Communication About the Mind in Toddlers. Social Development, 23, 61-79. DOI: 10.1111/sode.12044

Danish
  • Dorthe Bleses, University of Southern Denmark   WG 2398

    Bleses, D., Vach, W., Slott, M., Wehberg, S., Thomsen, P., Madsen, T. & Basbøll, H. (2008). The Danish Communicative Development Inventories: validity and main developmental trends. Journal of Child Language, 35, 619-650.

  • Dorthe Bleses, University of Southern Denmark   WS 3714

    Bleses, D., Vach, W., Slott, M., Wehberg, S., Thomsen, P., Madsen, T. & Basbøll, H. (2008). The Danish Communicative Development Inventories: validity and main developmental trends. Journal of Child Language, 35, 619-650.

English
  • Virginia Marchman, Stanford University   WS 1411

  • Larry Fenson, San Diego State University   WG 1089

    Fenson, L., Marchman, V. A., Thal, D., Dale, P., Reznick, J. S. & Bates, E. (2007). MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: User's Guide and Technical Manual. 2nd Edition. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co.

  • Krista Byers-Heinlein, Concordia University   WS 27

  • Donna Thal, San Diego State University   WS 1306

    Thal, D. J., Marchman, V. A. & Tomblin, J. B. (2013). Late talking toddlers: Characterization and prediction of continued delay. In L. Rescorla & P. Dale (Eds.). Late Talkers: Language Development, Interventions, and Outcomes. Baltimore, MD.: Brookes Publishing.

  • Linda Smith, Indiana University   WS 1619

  • Krista Byers-Heinlein, Concordia University   WG 41

  • Donna Thal, San Diego State University   WG 1286

    Thal, D. J., Marchman, V. A. & Tomblin, J. B. (2013). Late talking toddlers: Characterization and prediction of continued delay. In L. Rescorla & P. Dale (Eds.). Late Talkers: Language Development, Interventions, and Outcomes. Baltimore, MD.: Brookes Publishing.

  • Michael C. Frank, Stanford University   WG 38

  • Larry Fenson, San Diego State University   WS 1413

    Fenson, L., Marchman, V. A., Thal, D., Dale, P., Reznick, J. S. & Bates, E. (2007). MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: User's Guide and Technical Manual. 2nd Edition. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co.

English (British)
  • Caroline Floccia, Plymouth University   Oxford CDI 1515

    Floccia, C. (2017). Data collected with the Oxford CDI over a course of 5 years in Plymouth Babylab, UK. With the permission of Plunkett, K. and the Oxford CDI from Hamilton, A., Plunkett, K., & Schafer, G., (2000). Infant vocabulary development assessed with a British Communicative Development Inventory: Lower scores in the UK than the USA. Journal of Child Language, 27, 689-705.

  • Philip Dale, University of New Mexico   TEDS Twos 11150

    Dale, P. S., Price, T. S., Bishop, D. V. M., & Plomin, R. (2003). Outcomes of early language delay: I. Predicting persistent and transient difficulties at 3 and 4 years. Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 46, 544-560.

  • Philip Dale, University of New Mexico   TEDS Threes 10858

    Dale, P. S., Price, T. S., Bishop, D. V. M., & Plomin, R. (2003). Outcomes of early language delay: I. Predicting persistent and transient difficulties at 3 and 4 years. Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 46, 544-560.

French (Quebec)
  • Natacha Trudeau, Université de Montréal   WS 827

    Trudeau, N., & Sutton, A. (2011). Expressive vocabulary and early grammar of 16-to 30-month-old children acquiring Quebec French. First Language, 0142723711410828.

  • Natacha Trudeau, Université de Montréal   WG 537

    Boudreault, M. C., Cabirol, E. A., Poulin-Dubois, D., Sutton, A., & Trudeau, N. (2007). MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories: Validity and preliminary normative data. La Revue d’orthophonie et d’audiologie, 31(1), 27-37.

German
  • Gisela Szagun, University College London   WS 1181

    Szagun, G., Stumper, B. & Schramm, A.S. (2009). Fragebogen zur frühkindlichen Sprachentwicklung (FRAKIS) und FRAKIS-K (Kurzform). Frankfurt: Pearson Assessment.

Hebrew
  • Sharone Maital, University of Haifa   WS 253

    Maital, S., Dromi, E. Sagi, A. & Bornstein, M. H. (2000). The Hebrew Communicative Development Inventory: Language specific properties and cross-linguistic generalizations, Journal of Child Language, 27, 1-25.

  • Hila Gendler Shalev, Tel-Aviv University   WG 62

    Gendler-Shalev, H. (2005). תירבעל HCDI-WG םירוה ןולאש תמאתה.

Italian
  • Christina Caselli, Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies   WS 752

    Caselli, M. C., Bates, E., Casadio, P., Fenson, J., Fenson, L., Sanderl, L., & Weir, J. (1995). A cross-linguistic study of early lexical development. Cognitive Development, 10(2), 159-199.

  • Christina Caselli, Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies   WG 648

    Caselli, M. C., Rinaldi, P., Stefanini, S., & Volterra, V. (2012). Early action and gesture 'vocabulary' and its relation with word comprehension and production. Child Development, 83(2), 526-542.

Kigiriama
  • Katie Alcock, Lancaster University   WG 132

    Alcock, K., Rimba, K., Holding, P., Kitsao-Wekulo, P., Abubakar, A., Newton, C.R.J.C. (2015) Developmental inventories using illiterate parents as informants: Communicative Development Inventory (CDI) adaptation for two Kenyan languages. Journal of Child Language, 42, 763-785.

  • Katie Alcock, Lancaster University   WS 100

    Alcock, K., Rimba, K., Holding, P., Kitsao-Wekulo, P., Abubakar, A., Newton, C.R.J.C. (2015) Developmental inventories using illiterate parents as informants: Communicative Development Inventory (CDI) adaptation for two Kenyan languages. Journal of Child Language, 42, 763-785.

Kiswahili
  • Katie Alcock, Lancaster University   WG 51

    Alcock, K., Rimba, K., Holding, P., Kitsao-Wekulo, P., Abubakar, A., Newton, C.R.J.C. (2015) Developmental inventories using illiterate parents as informants: Communicative Development Inventory (CDI) adaptation for two Kenyan languages. Journal of Child Language, 42, 763-785.

  • Katie Alcock, Lancaster University   WS 90

    Alcock, K., Rimba, K., Holding, P., Kitsao-Wekulo, P., Abubakar, A., Newton, C.R.J.C. (2015) Developmental inventories using illiterate parents as informants: Communicative Development Inventory (CDI) adaptation for two Kenyan languages. Journal of Child Language, 42, 763-785.

Mandarin
  • Twila Tardif, University of Michigan   WS 1056

    Tardif, T., Fletcher, P., Liang, W., & Kaciroti, N. (2009). Early vocabulary development in Mandarin (Putonghua) and Cantonese. Journal of child language, 36(05), 1115-1144.

  • Ping Li, Pennsylvania State University   TC 652

    Hao, M., Shu, H., Xing, A., & Li, P. (2008). Early vocabulary inventory for Mandarin Chinese. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 728-733.

  • Ping Li, Pennsylvania State University   IC 230

    Hao, M., Shu, H., Xing, A., & Li, P. (2008). Early vocabulary inventory for Mandarin Chinese. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 728-733.

Norwegian
  • Hanne Simonsen and Kristian Kristoffersen, University of Oslo   WG 2926

    Simonsen, H. G., Kristoffersen, K. E., Bleses, D., Wehberg, S., & Jørgensen, R. N. (2014). The Norwegian Communicative Development Inventories: Reliability, main developmental trends and gender differences. First Language, 34(1), 3-23. DOI: 10.1177/0142723713510997

  • Hanne Simonsen and Kristian Kristoffersen, University of Oslo   WS 9304

    Simonsen, H. G., Kristoffersen, K. E., Bleses, D., Wehberg, S., & Jørgensen, R. N. (2014). The Norwegian Communicative Development Inventories: Reliability, main developmental trends and gender differences. First Language, 34(1), 3-23. DOI: 10.1177/0142723713510997

Russian
  • Stella Ceytlin, SPb Russian Pedagogical University   WG 768

    Е.А.Вершинина, М.Б. Елисеева, Т.С. Лаврова, В.Л. Рыскина, С.Н. Цейтлин. Некоторые нормативы речевого развития детей от 8 до 18 месяцев// Специальное образование: традиции и инновации: Сборник научно-методических трудов с международным участием. — СПб.: Изд-во РГПУ им. А. И. Герцена, 2011.

  • Stella Ceytlin, SPb Russian Pedagogical University   WS 1037

    М.Б. Елисеева, Е.А. Вершинина. Некоторые нормативы речевого развития детей от 18 до 36 месяцев (по материалам МакАртуровского опросника) // Проблемы онтолингвистики – 2009. Материалы международной конференции 17-19 июбня 2009 г. Санкт-Петербург, С.72-78

Slovak
  • Svetlana Kapalková, Comenius University   WS 1065

  • Svetlana Kapalková, Comenius University   WG 657

Spanish
  • Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro   WS 1094

    Jackson-Maldonado, D., Thal, D., Marchman, V., Newton, T., Fenson, L, & Conboy, B. (2003). MacArthur Inventarios del Desarrollo de Habilidades Comunicativas. User´s Guide and Technical Manual. Brookes, Baltimore.

  • Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro   WG 778

    Jackson-Maldonado, D., Thal, D., Marchman, V., Newton, T., Fenson, L, & Conboy, B. (2003). MacArthur Inventarios del Desarrollo de Habilidades Comunicativas. User´s Guide and Technical Manual. Brookes, Baltimore.

Swedish
  • Mårten Eriksson, University of Gävle   WG 474

    Eriksson, M., & Berglund, E. (2002). Instruments, scoring manual and percentile levels of the Swedish Early Communicative Development Inventory, SECDI. (FoU-Rapport 17). Gävle, Sweden: Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och psykologi.

  • Mårten Eriksson, University of Gävle   WS 900

    Eriksson, M., & Berglund, E. (2002). Instruments, scoring manual and percentile levels of the Swedish Early Communicative Development Inventory, SECDI. (FoU-Rapport 17). Gävle, Sweden: Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och psykologi.

Turkish
  • Aylin Küntay, Koç University   WG 1115

    Acarlar, F., Aksu-Koç, A., Küntay, A.C., Maviş, İ., Sofu, H., Topbaş, S., Turan, F. (2009). Adapting MB-CDI to Turkish: The first phase. In S. Ay, Ö. Aydın., İ. Ergenç, S. Gökmen, S. İşsever, and D. Peçenel (Eds.) Essays on Turkish linguistics: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Turkish Linguistics, August 6-8, 2008. Harrassowitz Verlag: Wiesbaden, Germany.

  • Aylin Küntay, Koç University   WS 2422

    Acarlar, F., Aksu-Koç, A., Küntay, A.C., Maviş, İ., Sofu, H., Topbaş, S., Turan, F. (2009). Adapting MB-CDI to Turkish: The first phase. In S. Ay, Ö. Aydın., İ. Ergenç, S. Gökmen, S. İşsever, and D. Peçenel (Eds.) Essays on Turkish linguistics: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Turkish Linguistics, August 6-8, 2008. Harrassowitz Verlag: Wiesbaden, Germany.